How to Invest In Mutual Funds For Beginners

How to Start Investing In Mutual Funds A Beginners Guide?

The financial world can feel like a complex labyrinth, especially for beginners. But fret not, because this guide will equip you with the knowledge and confidence to take your first steps towards a secure financial future through investing in mutual funds.

What are Mutual Funds?

Picture this: A basket filled with different types of fruits. Each fruit denotes a different stock or bond. A mutual fund is like this basket, but instead of managing individual fruits (investments), you invest in the entire basket. Professional fund managers handle the selection and management of these investments, aiming to achieve specific financial goals for the fund.

Benefits of Investing in Mutual Funds

Mutual funds have gained popularity for wealth creation due to several reasons. Below are some key benefits of investing in mutual funds:

  • Diversification: As mentioned earlier, mutual funds hold a basket of investments. This inherent diversification helps spread risk. If one stock performs poorly, the impact on your overall investment is minimized compared to owning just a single stock.
  • Professional Management: Mutual funds are overseen by experienced fund managers who continuously research, analyze, and make investment decisions. You don’t need to be a financial expert to benefit from their expertise.
  • Convenience and Flexibility: Mutual funds offer a convenient and hassle-free way to invest. You can invest a fixed amount regularly (Systematic Investment Plan – SIP) or a lump sum, depending on your financial goals and risk appetite. Additionally, there’s flexibility to redeem your investment partially or fully when needed (subject to exit loads).
  • Affordability: Mutual funds allow you to start investing with a small amount. Unlike buying individual stocks, which can be expensive, you can gain exposure to a diversified portfolio even with a modest investment.
  • Potential for Growth: Historical data suggests that mutual funds, particularly equity-oriented ones, have the potential to generate significant returns over the long term. However, remember that past performance is not indicative of future results, and all investments carry inherent risks.

Types of Mutual Funds

The mutual fund universe offers a wide range of options to cater to different investment goals and risk tolerances. Here’s an overview of some common types:

  • Equity Funds: These funds primarily invest in company stocks. They offer the potential for high returns but also come with higher volatility. Ideal for investors with a long-term horizon and a higher risk tolerance.
  • Debt Funds: These funds invest in fixed-income instruments such as government bonds and corporate debentures. Comparatively, they provide stable returns with lower volatility in comparison to equity funds. They are ideal for investors who are looking for capital preservation and regular income.
  • Balanced Funds: These funds balance equity and debt investments, offering a mix of growth potential and stability. They are suitable for conservative investors who are moderately risk tolerant.
  • Sectoral Funds: These funds specialise in a specific industry sector, such as technology or healthcare. They provide the potential for concentrated returns in a particular sector but also carry higher risk due to limited diversification.
  • Tax Saving Funds (ELSS): These equity-linked funds offer tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act (India). They come with a lock-in period of 3 years, making them suitable for long-term investment goals.

Getting Started with Investing in Mutual Funds

Now that you understand the basics, let’s delve into the practical steps of investing in mutual funds:

  1. Know Your Investment Goals and Risk Tolerance:
    • What are you saving for? Retirement, child’s education, or a dream vacation? Your goals will dictate your investment horizon (short-term vs. long-term) and risk tolerance (aggressive vs. conservative).
  2. Choose the Right Mutual Fund:
    • Consider your risk appetite, investment horizon, and financial goals when selecting a fund. Research the fund’s performance history, investment objective, expense ratio (fees), and track record of the fund manager.
  3. Select a Reliable Platform:
    • You can invest in mutual funds directly through the Asset Management Company (AMC) or through online investment platforms. Choose a reputable platform with a user-friendly interface and secure transaction processing.
  4. Start Investing:
    • Choose between a lump sum investment or a SIP. SIPs allow you to inculcate disciplined investing habits and benefit from rupee-cost averaging, where you purchase units at different price points over time.
  5. Monitor and Rebalance:
    • Regularly assess the performance of your portfolio and make necessary adjustments. Rebalancing helps maintain your desired asset allocation and risk profile over time.

Additional Considerations

  • Cost Matters: Pay attention to the expense ratio of the mutual fund. A lower expense ratio translates to higher potential returns for you.
  • Don’t Time the Market: Trying to predict market movements is a recipe for disaster. Focus on a long-term investment strategy and stay invested through market ups and downs.
  • Stay Disciplined: Building wealth takes time and discipline. Stick to your investment plan and avoid impulsive decisions based on market volatility.
  • Seek Professional Guidance: Consulting a registered financial advisor can be beneficial, especially when starting out or navigating complex financial situations. They can provide personalised advice based on your unique needs and goals.

Loan Against Mutual Funds (LAMF): A Borrowing Option

While building wealth through investing in mutual funds is the primary goal, unforeseen circumstances can arise where you might need quick access to funds. This is where a Loan Against Mutual Funds (LAMF) comes in handy. An LAMF offers a convenient and flexible way to borrow money using your existing mutual fund holdings as collateral.

Benefits of Loan Against Mutual Funds

  • Preserves Your Investment Strategy: Unlike selling your mutual funds, an LAMF allows you to leverage your investments for temporary needs without disrupting your long-term goals. Your investment continues to grow potentially, benefiting you even while using the loan.
  • Quick Access to Funds: Compared to traditional loan applications, LAMFs are often processed faster, especially through online platforms. This can be a saviour in critical situations.
  • Tax Advantages (Potential): In some cases, the interest paid on an LAMF may be tax-deductible, depending on the loan purpose and tax laws in your region. It’s always best to consult a tax advisor for specific details.
  • Flexibility: Some lenders offer flexible repayment options for LAMFs, allowing you to tailor the repayment plan to your financial situation.

Is an LAMF Right for You?

An LAMF can be a valuable tool if you need quick access to funds and have existing mutual fund holdings. However, it’s not a one-size-fits-all solution. Here are some points to consider before opting for an LAMF:

  • Emergency Needs: LAMFs are best suited for unforeseen emergencies or short-term financial needs. Regularly tapping into your investments through LAMFs might not be a sustainable strategy.
  • Investment Horizon: Ensure your chosen mutual fund has a time horizon longer than your loan term. This allows your investment to potentially recover from any market fluctuations while you repay the loan.
  • Discipline and Risk Tolerance: LAMFs come with the responsibility of making timely repayments. Missing payments can lead to defaults and potential loss of your mutual fund units. Carefully assess your discipline and risk tolerance before opting for an LAMF.

To build wealth over the long-term, investing in mutual funds is a smart approach. A Loan Against Mutual Funds (LAMF) can be a helpful tool to access quick funds without derailing your investment goals.


Investing in mutual funds empowers you to take control of your financial future. By understanding the different types of funds, choosing the right ones for your goals, and practising disciplined investing habits, you can embark on a rewarding journey towards financial security.

Remember, this guide provides a foundational understanding. Conduct your own research, consult with financial advisors if needed, and start investing with confidence.