What is ELSS Funds & How to Invest in ELSS

What is ELSS Funds & How to Invest in ELSS

Financial planning often feels like navigating a maze. But worry not, because this guide will equip you with the knowledge and confidence to conquer one crucial aspect: how to invest in ELSS funds. ELSS, or Equity Linked Savings Scheme, offers a powerful combination of tax benefits and growth potential, making it a popular choice for many investors in India.

What is ELSS Funds?

Imagine a basket filled with carefully chosen stocks of promising companies. ELSS funds are similar, but instead of managing individual stocks yourself, a fund manager takes the reins. These funds primarily invest in equity (stocks) and equity-linked instruments, aiming for capital appreciation over the long term. How to invest in ELSS funds allows you to participate in the stock market’s growth potential while benefiting from professional management.

Why Invest in ELSS Funds?

ELSS funds offer a compelling combination of advantages:

  • Tax Savings (Section 80C): This is a major draw for many investors. Investments in ELSS funds qualify for a deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act (India). By doing this, you can potentially cut your tax liability by reducing your taxable income.
  • Growth Potential: Historically, equity markets have offered superior long-term returns compared to other asset classes like fixed deposits or gold. By investing in ELSS funds, you gain exposure to this growth potential, aiming to build wealth over time.
  • Diversification: ELSS funds hold a basket of stocks, spreading your investment across different companies and sectors. This diversification helps mitigate risk, as a poor performance by one stock is balanced by potentially good performance of others.
  • Convenience and Flexibility: How to invest in ELSS funds is relatively straightforward. Investing in a lump sum is also an option, or you can use a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) to make smaller, regular investments. ELSS funds also offer flexibility for redemption, allowing you to withdraw your investment partially or fully after the lock-in period (typically 3 years).

Types of ELSS Funds

The ELSS fund universe offers a variety of options to cater to different investment styles and risk tolerances. Here’s a overview of some popular types:

  • Large-Cap ELSS Funds: These funds invest primarily in stocks of large, well-established companies. They offer relatively lower risk but also potentially lower returns compared to other types.
  • Mid-Cap ELSS Funds: These funds invest in stocks of medium-sized companies with higher growth potential but also higher risk compared to large cap funds.
  • Small-Cap ELSS Funds: These funds focus on stocks of smaller companies with the potential for high returns but also carry the highest risk among the three categories.
  • Multi-Cap ELSS Funds: These funds invest across companies of all sizes, offering a balance between risk and return potential.
  • Thematic ELSS Funds: These funds focus on specific sectors or themes, like technology or healthcare. They offer concentrated exposure to a particular area but also carry higher risk due to lack of diversification across sectors.

Getting Started with Investing in ELSS Funds

Now that you understand the basics, let’s delve into the practical steps of how to invest in ELSS funds:

  1. Know Your Investment Goals and Risk Tolerance:
    • What are you saving for? Retirement, child’s education, or a dream vacation? Your objectives will define your risk tolerance (aggressive vs. conservative) and investing horizon (short-term vs. long-term).
  2. Choose the Right ELSS Fund:
    • When choosing a fund, take your financial objectives, investment horizon, and risk tolerance into consideration. Research the fund’s performance history, investment objective, expense ratio (fees), and track record of the fund manager. How to invest in ELSS funds wisely involves selecting a fund that aligns with your investment strategy.
  3. Select a Reliable Platform:
    • You can invest in ELSS funds directly through the Asset Management Company (AMC) that manages the fund or through online investment platforms. Choose a reputable platform with a user-friendly interface and secure transaction processing. Many platforms offer features to help you compare different ELSS funds and make informed decisions.
  4. Start Investing:
    • Select between a SIP and a lump sum investment. SIPs allow you to inculcate disciplined investing habits and benefit from rupee-cost averaging, where you purchase units at different price points over time.
  5. Monitor and Rebalance:
    • Analyze the performance of your portfolio on a regular basis and make any modifications. Over time, rebalancing helps in maintaining your planned risk profile and asset allocation. Remember, how to invest in ELSS funds effectively involves staying informed and making adjustments based on market conditions and your evolving financial goals.

How to Invest in ELSS Funds Online

The internet has revolutionized investing, making it easier than ever to invest in ELSS funds. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to invest in ELSS funds online:

  1. Choose an Online Investment Platform: Several reputable online platforms offer ELSS funds and a user-friendly online experience. Compare platforms based on factors like service fees, investment options, features, and ease of use.
  2. Complete KYC (Know Your Customer): KYC is a mandatory one-time process to verify your identity and address. Most online platforms allow for online KYC completion, making it a convenient and hassle-free process.
  3. Open an Investment Account: Once your KYC is complete, you can open an investment account with the chosen platform. This typically involves filling out a simple online form and submitting some basic documents.
  4. Search for ELSS Funds: Use the platform’s search function to explore different ELSS funds. Many platforms offer detailed information about each fund, including its investment objective, past performance, expense ratio, and fund manager details.
  5. Invest in Your Chosen ELSS Fund: Once you’ve selected an ELSS fund that aligns with your goals, you can invest by following the platform’s instructions. This typically involves specifying the investment amount (lump sum or SIP) and payment method.

Additional Considerations for Investing in ELSS Funds

  • Cost Matters: Pay attention to the expense ratio of the ELSS fund. Higher potential returns for you are the result of a lower expense ratio.
  • Don’t Time the Market: Trying to predict market movements is a recipe for disaster. Maintain your investment through market ups and downs by concentrating on a long-term plan.
  • Stay Disciplined: Building wealth takes time and discipline. Stick to your investment plan and refrain from making snap judgments based on fluctuations in the market.
  • Seek Professional Guidance: Consulting a registered financial advisor can be beneficial, especially when starting out or navigating complex financial situations. They can provide personalized advice based on your unique needs and goals.


By understanding how to invest in ELSS funds, you unlock a powerful tool for tax savings and wealth creation. Remember, this guide provides a foundational understanding. Conduct your own research, consult with financial advisors if needed, and start investing with confidence.

ELSS funds offer a compelling opportunity to participate in the stock market’s growth potential while enjoying tax benefits. Embrace the power of informed investing and embark on your journey towards financial security.